What is breast tumor?
Breast tumor masses are usually found in the upper superior quadrant, followed by the nipple, areola, and upper superior quadrant. It is a common disease in oncology department.
Because of self-conscious symptoms’ lack, the mass is often found by the patient inadvertently (such as bathing, changing clothes). A small number of patients may have varying degrees of tenderness or irritation and nipple discharge. The growth of the mass is faster, and invasion of the surrounding tissue can cause changes in the shape of the breast, resulting in a series of signs. Such as: the surface of the tumor is sunken; the cancer adjacent to the nipple can lead the nipple to the direction of the cancer; the nipple retracts. If the cancer is larger, the whole breast tissue can be contracted, and the mass is obviously convex. The cancer continues to grow, forming a so-called "orange peel" change.
The symptoms of breast tumor?
Breast mass is the most common symptom of breast cancer.
Glandular pain can be found in a variety of breast diseases, but pain is not a common symptom of breast tumors, and benign or malignant breast tumors are usually painless. In early breast cancer, occasionally the only symptom of pain is dull pain or traction, especially when lying on the side. Studies have shown that postmenopausal women with breast pain and glandular thickening, breast cancer detection rate will increase.
The nipple discharge has physiological and pathological points. Physiological nipple discharge is mainly seen in pregnant and lactating women. Pathological nipple discharge refers to the secretion of mammary ducts in a non-physiological state.
Breast cancer patients with abnormal nipple changes usually show nipple erosion or nipple retraction.
Axillary lymph node enlargement:
The progressive development of breast cancer can invade the lymphatic vessels and metastasize to the local lymphatic drainage area. Among them, the most common lymphatic metastasis site is the ipsilateral axillary lymph node.
Basis for the diagnosis of breast tumors:
Nipple discharge, nipple and areola changes, local skin changes, breast contour changes, axillary and supraclavicular lymph nodes.
The staging and staging of breast cancer (tumor) is an important part of the treatment plan. The most common staging method is:
Stage I: refers to the primary tumor of the primary tumor less than 2cm lymph node without metastasis;
Stage II: primary tumor larger than 2cm with axillary lymph node metastasis, lymph node activity;
Stage III: The primary tumor is greater than 5 cm with axillary lymph node metastasis and lymph node fixation;
Stage IV: Any size of the primary tumor stage metastasis of the supraclavicular or subclavian lymph node metastasis.
How to prevent?
Do not drink
Take vitamin D
Breast tumor cells
Breast tumor cells belong to tumor cells.