If the top layer of the scalp is damaged, the dead cells are released in excess causing replacement of older by the new cells and the increase in the release of scales. Scales of the unwashed scalp or damaged hair can cause the production of dandruff. Some dermatologists believe the tiny fungus Malassezia causes it. It stays on everyone’s scalp and back, and feeds on greasy areas of the skin. It produces oleic acid, which results in the formation of new cells. Changes in endocrine system, weather patterns, hygiene, wearing helmet or hat can raise the production of flakes. Dandruff indicates scalp infection where the person may suffer from inflammation and seborrheic dermatitis. Natural cures can offer safer ways to get rid of such inflammation and reduce hair loss.
The process of skin renewal on the scalp can lead to the formation of new cells and removal of old cells - which can be flat and in layers resulting in dandruff. Dermatitis can be a serious problem in people who suffer from trauma or immune suppressive disorders with seborrhea. Low humidity can trigger the problem of dryness of skin leading to dandruff and sometimes, the production of skin micro biome can cause it. Infectious condition - seborrheic dermatitis can be found on scalp, eyelids, forehead, and brows and onto the nose corners. Phyllanthus Emblica is one of the herbs in the herbal treatment for excessive dandruff - Hylix oil which has potential to protect skin cells from harsh radiations and chemicals as it can reduce the level of reactive oxygen species and it outperforms vitamin C in protecting the scalp from oxidation to reduce hair loss. Its topical application on scalp increases the hair follicle count by 91 percent.
Nigella sativa is another key ingredient in the cure - Hylix oil, which has been tested for hair fall conditions. It was observed the intake of the herb showed improvement in the hair conditions - density and thickness by 70 percent. There are at least 15 amino acids in the herb which serve as building blocks of proteins and this was tested on the condition of scalp inflammation where the compound tymoquinon TQ in the herbal black seeds - worked as anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory. The compound in the seeds inhibited the chemicals which caused inflammation such as cyclooxygenase and cyclooxygenase. The study was conducted on 20 participants and 20 were given the lotion of the herb seeds for 90 days and significant improvement in the condition was observed.
Acacia Concinna, the shrub extract in the herbal treatment for excessive dandruff has traditionally been used to get rid of dandruff and as a shampooing agent.
Lawsonia Inermis is the plant rich in proteins, flavonoids, phenolic compounds, terpenoids, fatty acids and phytosterols. The leave extract is added to herbal treatment for excessive dandruff and the preparation of leaves works against pathogenic bacterial isolates to reduce hair loss and works as immune stimulant. Wedelia Calendulacea extract has neuro protective effects against oxidative stress and can be used to color grey hair and promote hair growth.