Pneumatic, in simple words, is the science and technology of pressurized air such as piped air, compressed air to transmit the force or energy. Now, the Pneumatic systems have 5 basic components in order to make, store, control, move, or even use compressed air.
How Does A Pneumatic System Work?
The pneumatic systems basically get all their power from the compressed energy in the air they consume. In this regard, the pneumatics require two essential components: something to compress the air (compressor) and well something to use the compressed air to lift, move or hold an object (pneumatic actuator). The pneumatic devices also require a pipe or network of pipes that help transfer the air from the compressor to the actuator. The systems require something to switch the air on or off (a valve) and maybe reverse the direction.
Additionally, a pneumatic machine in most circumstances also has a reservoir where quite an amount of compressed air is stored under due pressure. This reservoir delivers near-instant force as soon as the operating valve is opened.
A Brief Idea about the Various Pneumatic System Components
The compressor plays a major role in pneumatic machinery, as it turns ordinary air into compressed air squeezing it to as low as 7-10 times the atmospheric pressure. The compressor puts the air into the system by squeezing the air into a much smaller space. In simple words, a compressor converts energy from one form to another, with the use of gasoline or diesel engines.
Pneumatic Actuators Or Motors
Actuator, in simple terms, is a mover. The actuators typically move back and forth in a straight line and are often powered by pistons that slide back and forth in cylinders as the compressed air flows in and out of them. The basic function of an actuator is to convert potential energy stored in compressed air back into kinetic energy during movement.
A pneumatic circuit is an interconnected set of components that convert compressed air into mechanical work. A circuit essentially includes a compressor, an actuator, a reservoir, and one or multiple valves. The circuits can be simple to complex depending on the purpose and number of components included in the engineering plan.
The valve controls, regulates and directs the passage of fluid or air through the pipe, duct, etc. The valve partially opens, closes and basically obstructs the passageway for a lot of fluids. The valves are essential fittings and fulfill the intended objective of the piping system.
The reservoirs compensate for fluctuations in pressure and serve as an accumulator in case the pressure suddenly drops. These reservoirs also have compressed air that is stored under due pressure for emergency purposes.
The pneumatic systems handles everything from balloon-powered toys to air-driven drills. In fact, together these components form circuits that function as the lifeblood of the piping industry.
James Brown is the author of this article. For further detail about Pneumatic System Components. Please visit the website: https://www.airmite.com