Emergency lighting is mostly projected to supply satisfactory illumination to enable people to find their way safely out of a building in cases of tragedy.
Types of Emergency Lighting
* Emergency Escape Lighting
* Escape Route Lighting - this is most likely to be used in the event of fire. It helps people abandon a building as speedily as feasible.
High Risk Task Area Lighting - In hazardous areas where unsafe processes or situations need to be observed, it is crucial that emergency lighting systems are designed to the precise needs of the surroundings.
* Open Area (Anti Panic) Lighting - To keep away from panic in large open areas, emergency lighting must provide sufficient light to feel safe & evacuate the building by the nearest escape route.
Standby Lighting - This is used to provide for mains malfunction and allows regular work procedure to carry on.
BS 5266 Emergency Lighting Inverter, the code of practice for the emergency lighting of premises, offers straightforward supervision on the positioning of emergency luminaries, maximum height levels, acceptable glare levels, together with maximum process testing agendas. Also note that the local Fire Authority must endorse all compulsory plans.
BS 5266 imposes the terms of emergency lighting for community buildings such as:
* Leisure centre’s
* Retail stores
There is as well as a legal requirement that:
Each place of work shall have appropriate & satisfactory emergency lighting & that suitable & sufficient emergency lighting shall be provided & maintained in any room in which persons at work are specifically exposed to danger in the event of failure of artificial lighting.
BS 5266 specifies that luminaries’ are positioned:
* Along escape routes
* At every alter in direction
* Adjoining to any step or trip hazard
* Over each flight of steps so each step get direct luminosity
* Near to firefighting tools and call points
* Close to any first aid points
* Outside every final exit
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