Eye fatigue or eye strain is a common condition. The symptoms include tired, itching, and burning eyes. Basic precautions can help prevent or reduce eye fatigue.
The medical term for eye fatigue is asthenopia. The symptoms of ocular fatigue, tired eyes, blurring, headaches, and occasionally doubling of the vision are brought on by concentrated use of the eyes for visual tasks. Some people, while concentrating on a visually intense task such as reading fine print, using the computer for hours at a time, driving for long hours or trying to see in the dark, unconsciously clench the muscles of their eyelids, face, temples, and jaws and develop discomfort or pain from use of those muscles. This may lead to a vicious cycle of tensing those muscles further and causing more distress. If eye fatigue persists despite taking simple precautions, see a doctor.
Yoga techniques for relief
The eye exercises should be practiced regularly in order to reduce or eliminate strain. Before starting the practices, it is a good idea to splash cold water onto the eyes a few times. Hold a little water in the palms above a water basin and splash it onto the eyelids. Do this about 10 times and then begin the exercises. This procedure will help stimulate the blood supply and generally tone up the eyes.
Begin with the techniques described in tabloid on 5th December which include palming and blinking followed by the techniques given below.
Preliminary Nasikagra Drishti (preliminary nose tip gazing)
Sit with the legs straight in front or in a cross-legged pose. Hold the right arm straight directly in front of the nose. Make a fist with the right hand, keeping the thumb pointing upward. Focus both eyes on the tip of the thumb. Bend the arm and slowly bring the thumb to the nose tip, keeping the eyes focused on the tip of the thumb. Remain for a few seconds with the thumb held at the nose tip and the eyes focused there. Slowly straighten the arm, continuing to gaze at the thumb tip. This is one round.
Breathe in as the thumb is drawn towards the nose. Retain the breath while holding the thumb at the nose tip. Breathe out as the arm is straightened.
Practice 5 rounds.
Near and distant viewing
Stand or sit at an open window, preferably with a clear view of the horizon, with the arms by the sides. Focus the eyes on the nose tip, nasikagra drishti, for 5 seconds. Then, focus on a distant object on the horizon for 5 seconds. Close the eyes and relax. Palming can be performed at this time. Inhale during near viewing. Exhale during distant viewing. Repeat this process 10 to 20 times.
These exercises improve the accommodating and focusing power of the eye muscles. In near and distant viewing the range of movements is further increased.
Do not force to gaze in a way that strains your eyes, brain, or body.
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