ICSE Class 11 Biology Syllabus
The ICSE Class 11 Biology Syllabus is well-prepared by subject experts under the guidance of the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) which provides adequate knowledge on each key subject.
ICSE Class 11 Biology Syllabus includes:
Plant physiology(i) Mineral nutrition: macronutrients and micronutrients (roll and deficiency symptoms); essential elements criteria, hydroponics; nitrogen nutrition in plants. (ii) Plant growth: growth phases, growth rate, growth measurement, Growth factors, the role of growth regulators, apical dominance, senescence, and abscission. (iii)Photomorphogenesis in plants.
Multicellularity: Structure and Functions of Plants and Animals(i)Plant Tissues: Types of plant tissues, classification, structure, and function of tissues. (ii)Animal Tissues: epithelial; connective; muscular; nervous (location, structure, and function). (iii)Nutrition (human): Calorific value of carbohydrates, proteins and fats, Organs of the digestive system, digestive process and disorders of the digestive system.
(iv)Respiration in humans: Organs of the respiratory system, breathing mechanism, pulmonary gas exchange, transport of respiratory gases, pulmonary air volumes and lung capacities, disorders of the respiratory system.
(vi)Excretion: structure of the human kidney, structure of the nephron, role of the skin and lungs in excretion, physiology of the formation of urine, countercurrent system; functions of the kidney; homeostasis, disorders of the kidney, counter-current system; functions of the kidney; homeostasis, disorders of the excretory system.
(vii)Endocrine System in humans: Hormones of pituitary, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas, adrenal glands and gonads; mechanism of hormone action; effect of hyposecretion and hypersecretion, feedback mechanism.
(viii)People's nervous system: central, autonomous and peripheral, brain and spinal cord structure, reflex action, nerve impulse transmission, salt conduction; sense organs (eye and ear).
(ix) Locomotion: joints, skeletal muscle structure, sliding-filament theory of muscle contraction, red and white muscles, summation, tétanus and Rigor Mortis. Disorders of the muscular and skeletal system.
Units of Life(i)Biomolecules: classification and functions of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. (ii)Enzymes: general properties, classification, mechanism of action of the enzyme, factors affecting the activity of the enzyme. (iii)Cell membranes: mosaic fluid, transport of the membrane, passive and active transport, exocytosis and endocytosis. Facilitated diffusion.
(iv)Cell structure: Structure and functions of nucleus, mitochondria, plastids, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi complex, lysosomes, ribosomes, microfilaments, microtubules, cilia, flagella and centrioles, cell wall, vacuoles, and cell inclusions. Prokaryotic cell and eukaryotic cell – a comparison.
(vi)Cell reproduction: Cell cycle, mitosis, and meiosis.
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