Calcium chloride is a common calcium salt with a wide range of uses in both the home and the workplace.
Calcium chloride has the chemical formula CaCl2 and has a molar mass of 110.983 grams per mol. The calcium cation (Ca2+) and two chloride anions make up this ionic molecule (Cl-). As demonstrated below, the bivalent calcium metal forms an ionic bond with two chlorine atoms.
The rare minerals sinjarite (dihydrate) and antarcticite contain calcium chloride in their hydrated forms (hexahydrate). Natural brine from salt lakes and salt deposits also contains huge levels of it.
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Calcium chloride is made primarily by combining limestone (CaCO3) with hydrochloric acid (HCl).
CaCO3 + 2 HCl → CaCl2 + CO2 + H2O
It can also be obtained as a major by-product of the Solvay process when the limestone is combined with NaCl solution to make soda ash (Na2CO3).
Calcium chloride is an odourless white powder that comes as granules or flakes. It has a density of 2.15 g/mL, a melting point of 782 degrees Fahrenheit, and a high boiling point of almost 1600 degrees Fahrenheit.
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CaCl2 is very soluble in water, hygroscopic (it collects moisture from the air), and deliquescent (absorbs enough water to turn into liquid). Calcium chloride is an exothermic substance that dissolves in water (releasing a large amount of heat). In water, calcium chloride completely dissociates into calcium cations and chloride anions. Calcium ions can displace other ions in exchange processes in aqueous solutions, such as the conversion of potassium phosphate to calcium phosphate:
3 CaCl2 + 2 K3PO4 → Ca3(PO4)2 + 6 KCl
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- Food additive,
- Food preservative,
- De-icing the roads,
- As brine in refrigeration plants
- Cleanse the pool,
- Water treatment facilities,
Calcium chloride is utilised in meals and is not hazardous in typical doses. When it dissolves in water, however, its greatest hazard is owing to its desiccating (drying) property and exothermic reaction. When the solid comes into touch with wet skin or eyes, significant irritation and moderate burns might result. Large amounts of food can cause nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.