1. The Salkantay Road
The Classic Inca trail to Machu Picchu is famous for the variety of its topography and ecosystems, but the varied selection of the Salkantay Road is even more impressive. Mount Salkantay, at 6240 meters above sea level, is one of the sacred "apus" or summit of the Incas. Even today, he is revered in the traditional Andean religion. This excursion, assisted by mules, crosses the beautiful valley of Mollepata and crosses Salkantay at an altitude of 4.5 kilometers. From cold areas high up, the road descends to a subtropical forest covered with fog, where there is an ancient Inca road (part of the original Capac Nan, which unites the distant ends of the empire) that leads to the ruins of Llactapata, recently rediscovered. Of the, you can contemplate about three kilometers across the valley a different side view of the Machu Picchu complex. A downhill hike takes us to the small train station, where a shuttle service runs along the Urubamba River to Aguas Calientes, the city at the foot of Machu Picchu.
2. The Lares Road
The Sacred Valley and Machu Picchu, through which hundreds of thousands of visitors travel by train between Cuzco and Machu Picchu every day, is renowned for its beauty. It is also a place where many residents live. Under the peaks covered by a thick layer of snow that marks the northern limit of the Sacred Valley, lies the Lares trek 4 days Valley. Here, life goes on as it has done over the past centuries. Locals dressed in traditional Andean clothing plant potatoes with their hands, take care of the flocks of llamas and alpacas and weave their clothes, as they have done for generations.
These farmers and artisans can be the only people you see for days. This excursion usually starts from the small town of Lares, known for its hot springs, and passes through many villages. Along the way, we have different points of view close together on the summit of Mount Veronica which is at more than 5,400 meters above sea level, as well as on many high mountain lakes. It ends near the historic site of Ollantaytambo. From there, the machu picchu by train 2 days trip is only 90 minutes.
3. The Inca Path in One Day
The classic Inca Trail is four days long, although it is best to do it in five days. Travelers who want to see the two greatest attractions of the Inca Trail, but have little time can opt for this reduced version, which begins at kilometer 104 of the train line and ends at Machu Picchu.
After a three-hour climb, you will come to Winay Waina, a spectacular site of stone ruins and curved farm terraces hanging from the steep ridge above the Urubamba River. Hikers can choose to continue walking the same day to Machu Picchu or spend a night on the road, and thus enter the lost city at dawn, through the Puerta del Sol, the impressive entrance that gives visitors arriving from the short Inca trail 2 days, their first glimpse of the site.
4. The Vilcabamba Road
This week-long hike covers 96 miles of mountain and is not made for beginners! Departing from Cachora for a two-day excursion, the 1.6-kilometer long Apurimac River Canyon traverses the isolated ruins of Choquequirao (the name means "golden cradle" in Quechua). In recent years, this site has become famous for its resemblance to Machu Picchu. The road meets, in some places, primitive stone roads built by the Incas, through the sparsely populated rainbow mountain hike 2 days range of Vilcabamba, which has remained virtually the same since it was first explored by Hiram Bingham. A century ago. The route crosses a chain of mountains, rivers and valleys, and crosses several biozones of Peru: dry scrub, tropical forests with fog and punas (high mountain plateaus). The route ends with a short walk or train ride to Machu Picchu.
5. The Chaski (Or Cachicata) Road:
The border posts of the vast Inca empire were connected by "chaskis", fast couriers that ran so fast (according to tradition) that the emperor could eat fresh Pacific fish in Cuzco, located 482 kilometers from the coast. This high rainbow mountain route follows some of the same paths used by these runners, and includes Inca constructions hardly visited, canals and quarries where we can see how the Incas got the stones they used in their projects of construction. Many versions of the Chaski route include a stop at the spectacular Perolniyoc waterfall and its nearby ruins. The trail ends in Ollantaytambo where hikers can visit one of the most famous Inca sites before jumping on the train to Machu Picchu.
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